10 Different Types of Cosmetology Specialists: A Comprehensive Guide

10 Different Types of Cosmetology Specialists: A Comprehensive Guide

Do you have a passion to work as a Cosmetology Specialist? Are you about to graduate from beauty school and are confused about what to do in life after graduation? Are you looking for different types of cosmetology specialists options available in the industry?

Cosmetology is a broad title that has different types of professions in the industry. Cosmetologists wear a lot of hats and are often required to be hair stylists, and makeup artists, as well as provide manicures and pedicures at the same time. 

There are different types of cosmetology specialists paths available for certified cosmetologists and here we are overwhelmed to navigate through them and discover which one best fits you. This article hopes to open up career opportunities for you.

How to Become a Successful Cosmetologist


Cosmetology is the study of beauty treatment. Cosmetologists are experts in applying therapies, and treatments to beautify the outer appearance like skincare, hair, and nails. It is a science that focuses on making people look good. They provide a beauty service for hair, skin, and the body. 


For cosmetology, it is mandatory to have a high school degree or GED, and you must be at least 16 years of age. There are a lot of courses available with specialization, and in some areas, a state license is required. 

There are courses, like full-time programs and short-term programs. Polytechnics and vocational colleges provide courses in cosmetology, but many may choose specialty beauty schools. The course period may last for 1400-1600 hours of training to qualify for the state license exam. 


The world is in demand for fashion and beauty because this is a vast profession. Your service isn’t just working at the salon, cosmetologists are needed all over the world. Trained cosmetologists will find well-paid jobs, and makeup artist professionals are always in demand in the television and film industries. The thing about this career is you have to be passionate about it, and consistent with it, and you’ll never regret this career choice.

10 Different Types of Cosmetology Specialists 

Different Types of Cosmetology Specialists
Different Types of Cosmetology Specialists


Whether your hair is straight or curly, long or short, it doesn’t matter because the hairstylist always makes you what you want. When it comes to hair styling, they provide all services, including washing, shampooing, cutting, coloring, drying, and styling hair. 

Hairstylists stay up to date with the latest trends in styling. They also give advice while understanding the client’s preferences and recommend how to maintain a hairstyle accordingly. 

Hairstylists also work in a variety of settings, like a salon, spas, fashion shoots, films, and televisions. They work closely with makeup artists and costume designers to create the perfect look. Some hairstylists may open or manage a salon, and they usually work with clients directly. 


Makeup artists work to provide the kind of look clients prefer by applying cosmetics. They can make a bride look like they’re blushing for their wedding, as well as get models ready for shoots, movies, films, or other special occasions by highlighting the clients using cosmetic products and application techniques. 

Makeup artists collaborate with costume designers to create a stunning look for the clients and for the model who walks on the ramp. They have the power to make young people look older, transfer male people into females, and create other special effects. 


Taking care of your nails is taking care of you and your appearance. Nail Technicians provide grooming services to customers’ fingernails and toenails. They are beauty specialists and trained proficiently in cleaning and grooming, as well as various treatments. 

Their duty is to provide high-quality manicures, pedicures, nail art, and designs, in addition to applying artificial nails. In this profession, technicians must be creative because they need to create unique designs in nail art. 

Nail Technicians must know the basic biology and physiology of body parts so they know how to treat them when working. Their workstation must be kept clean to prevent spreading germs and infection. Technicians must learn artistic techniques to impress clients.


Estheticians work to offer skin care advice and treatment. They provide treatment to maintain the appearance of the skin. By understanding the client’s skin type, they offer advice to improve the health of the skin and treat skin issues, such as acne and wrinkles. 

Estheticians may also provide services, like waxing, facials, chemical peels, and laser hair removal. It is important to follow the safety precautions for estheticians. They provide protective equipment and also educate clients on the risk of treatments.


Barbering has traditionally followed male clients. Barbers are in high demand in films, on televisions, and at military facilities. They are licensed to cut, trim, style, color, and shave. 

Barbers make sure that clients are satisfied with the service provided. They also recommend hairstyles and hair treatments to clients. Barbers have to update their new hairstyles and shaving techniques. There are opportunities for licensed barbers to run their own shops. 


Some people have a dual passion for beauty and teaching so, Cosmetology is the right career for you. Cosmetology Instructors are cosmetology professionals responsible for teaching students in the cosmetology industry. 

Cosmetology requires extensive hands-on experience. They teach a fundamental program, of various practices, like styling, skin care, hair cutting, nails, and makeup. They work in beauty schools to help others to master cosmetology in hands-on instruction. 


Beauty salons are where people go to be pampered and to have beauty services. Manu salons offer shampoo assistants before hairstyling. The main responsibilities of shampoo assistants are to prep the customers before the treatment starts. 

They may also perform shampoo services, apply conditioners, and blow drying hair. They are also required to sanitize the areas, and sometimes take appointments and, greet customers. 


Skin specialists beautify and cleanse the face and body to enhance the client’s appearance. They provide skin treatments, exfoliate the client’s skin, and remove makeup. 

They also provide other treatments, like peels, masks, scrubs, and the removal of dead skin. Skin specialists also recommend skin products, like cleansers, lotions, and creams. They teach clients how to take care of and maintain their skin. 


Hair color specialists are specialized in hair coloring. Customers meet with color experts when they want to color their hair. Hair color specialists help customers mask their grey hair, highlights, lowlights, and other coloring works. 

They have experience in permanent and temporary dyes. They come up with a new creative color that works and best suits, customers. 


Electrologists are beauty technicians who work on treating unwanted hair removing and destroying the growth centers of hair. They insert a needle into the opening of the hair follicle and apply a small amount of electricity to destroy hair growth health. 

Some electrologists also practice laser hair removal that uses the laser to damage the hair follicles and delay future hair growth. 

Wrapping Up

Cosmetology is a career that is growing very fast in which practitioners help to beautify the skin, hair, and nails of their clients. There are different types of cosmetology specialists job opportunities and careers. Some run their own salon, or spa, after years of experience.  Some may work for the clients directly and freelance. 

If you are passionate about becoming a cosmetologist, barber, esthetician, hair stylist, or nail technician, make sure to try our free practice test to help you efficiently prepare for the exam.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)


Customers visiting a salon are often looking for professionals to make them look and feel good. They want to get a new hairdo, manicure, or pedicure and enjoy getting pampered by cosmetologists. So, nowadays, cosmetologists are in demand and customers prefer them to get the job done. 


Cosmetology is a great career path if you are interested in helping people improve their looks and appearance. There are a variety of job opportunities in this field. If you are interested in the science of hair, skin, and nails, this is the best career path for you. 


A cosmetology license differs depending on the state in which you are practicing. In general, you need to have a high school degree or GED, and you have to be at least 16 years of age. You must go through approved training, and once you have completed the training, pass the exam. Then you will receive your license. 

Related Reads

Life After Cosmetology School: How To Start Your Career As A Newly Licensed Cosmetologist

What’s The Difference Between A Cosmetologist And An Esthetician?

Beauty Salon Services Every Cosmetologist Should Know About

Take a FREE practice test

Find out if you’re ready, with real questions taken from the state board exam.

Select Your State